Nearly one in 10 Mentawai children do not make it to the age of five ...
There are 8.8 million children under five dying worldwide each year (UN Report June 2010). SurfAid’s research (conducted with the University of Indonesia) shows that nearly one in 10 Mentawai children do not make it to the age of five, which is 15 times the death rate in developed countries where, on average, there are six deaths for every 1,000 live births.
In the Mentawai and Nias where SurfAid works, more than 70 per cent of the population lives below the poverty line and they have shocking health figures.
|+ In the Mentawai, 41% of children under five are stunted and a further 33% are underweight.
+ In Nias, 34% are stunted and a further 34% are underweight.
+ There is a poor understanding of what constitutes good nutrition and good basic hygiene.
When SurfAid commenced its programs:
+ 87% of pregnant women in Nias, and 66% in the Mentawai, are anaemic.
+ 12% of Mentawai mothers exclusively breastfeed infants in the first six months of life.